Assistance to Participate Scale (APS)

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To measure the assistance required to participate in play and leisure activities at home or in the community. Useful as an outcome measure and as a prognostic tool

Assesment Type

Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM)

Patient Group


Age Group

Children (3-12 years) | Adolescents (13-17 years)

ICF domain

Activity & Participation | Environment & Personal

Area of assessment

Activities of Daily Living

Key description

8 questions rated on a 5 point scale (unable to participate to participates independently. Completed by the caregiver
Reliability / validity:
Internal consistency 0.85. Correlated with PEDI caregiver scales
Strengths / weaknesses:
Quick but includes a limited number of activities.




Equipment required

Pen and printed questionnaire

Training required

Previous experience recommended.

Considerations & references

School-aged children with a disability

Bourke-Taylor, H. M., Law, M., Howie, L., & Pallant, J. F. (2009). Development of the Assistance to Participate Scale (APS) for children's play and leisure activities. Child: Care, Health and Development, 35(5), 738-745.

Time to complete

5-10 minutes

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